Clicking on the links below will take you through to additional information regarding solitary bees that we have found interesting and useful. Enjoy!

Recent popular articles and websites

Is it a bird? Is it a bee? No, it's a lizard pollinating South Africa's 'hidden flower'

A wonderful South African resource to learn more is @Candideapp and their #PolliNationSA movement. They have some fascinating articles on solitary bees and pollinators in general:

1 | Solitary Bees

2 | Introduction to South African Bees

3 | Why are bees so important?

4 | Bees and Biodiversity

5 | Bee-friendly gardening


Other global articles and sites:

6 | The Wildlife Trusts: Guide to Solitary Bees in Britain

7 | Moray Beekeeping Dinosaurs: Solitary Bees in Britain

8 | Wild bees of Scotland: Identification Guide 

9 | Research Institute of Organic Agriculture: Wild bees and pollination factsheet

10 | The Urban Farm: The future of food - Native bees

11 | Conservation Evidence: Providing evidence to improve practice - Bee Conservation

12 | University of Arkansas: Solitary bees could be more efficient than Honey bees, researchers say

13 | Iowa State University: Conserving bees in a small acreage farm


Two books recommended by the South African Solitary Bee Expert and bee taxonimist Connal Eardley:

1 | The Forgotten Pollinators, by S. Buchmann & G. Nabham (1996) Island Press, USA. 313pp. ISBN 1-55963-352-2/1-55963-353-0
2 | The Reason for Flowers, by S. Buchmann (2016) Scribner, USA, London, Toronto, Sydney, New Delhi, pp 341. ISBN 978-1-4767-5552-6/978-1-4767-5554-0 (ebook).
Other reference books:


1 | Why bees are disappearing, by Marla Spivak

Scientific Publications

1 | Eardley, Connal; Kuhlmann, Michael & Pauly, Alain. 2010. The Bee Genera  and Subgenera of sub-Saharan AfricaABC Taxa Vol.7.
2 | Gous, Annemarie; Willows-Munro, Sandi; Eardley, Connal & Swanevelder, Zacharias H (Dirk). 2017. Pollination: Impact, role-players, interactions and study – A South African perspectiveSouth African Journal of Science, 113 (9-10).